Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Main Nave

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Last Updated on December 27, 2020

Nestled more than 650 feet underground in the city of Zipaquirá, Colombia is an unlikely tourist destination: a salt mine turned cathedral, complete with a 50-foot high glowing cross.  What began as a small altar where 1800’s miners prayed for their safety has become an enormous chapel with seating for 8,000 Sunday worshippers. It also offers daily tours for pilgrims and tourists eager to visit the Zipaquira Salt Cathedral in Colombia.

Equal parts tourist trap and architectural marvel, the Zipaquira Salt Cathedral is a cool addition to your Bogotá itinerary.  If you’ve got an extra day and want to escape the bustle of the city, I’ve got all the details on planning a visit. Including how to get to Zipaquira, the history of the mine, and what to see at Colombia’s salt cathedral.

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Short on time? Check out these recommended day trips to the Zipaquira Salt Cathedral:

If you plan to stay in Zipa, my top hotel pick is the Hotel Boutique MR. See more recommended Bogota and Zipaquira hotels and Airbnbs at the end of the article.

Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Main Nave

In this Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Guide:

How to Get to Zipaquira | Day Tour Tips | Best Zipaquira Day Trips | Zipaquira Salt Mine History | Visiting the Salt Cathedral | Zipaquira Hotels | Bogota Hotels

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How to Get to Zipaquira

30 miles (45km) north of Colombia’s vibrant capital of Bogota, you’ll find the colonial town of Zipaquira in the district of Cundinamarca.  You can get there from Bogota via bus in two hours, or by train in about 3 hours. Check the bus and train routes here on Rome2Rio.  

zipaquira map

If you plan to stay in Zipaquira or get there via bus or train, you can buy tickets online ahead of time and skip the line.

If you’re pressed for time, though, the easiest and fastest way to get to the Zipaquira Salt Cathedral is with a day tour from Bogota.

Bogota and Zipaquira Day Tour Tips: What to Expect

On my first visit to Colombia a few years ago, I struggled to find reasonably-priced tours with good online ratings.  During later visits, I discovered that their tour business is booming! So now I have several Zipaquira tour recommendations for you.

One thing to note is that most Zipaquira tours are really just transport with a driver, either private or shared with a small group.  Check to be sure that the tour you select includes entrance fees, or you’ll need to pay separately for an entrance ticket.

Many Zipaquira tours from Bogota also include another stop, such as Lake Guatavita (the possible source of the El Dorado legend) or a local lunch, which might be an additional cost.

One of the Zipaquira chapels representing the stations of the cross
One of the small Zipaquira chapels representing the stations of the cross

Best Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Day Trips

Click the link for each of the options below to check pricing and availability for your dates:

Affordable Zipaquira tour: This tour is one of the cheaper options, especially for solo travelers. Getting to the departure location yourself will save you a little more off the ticket price.  Just be sure to stick to the schedule since it’s a group tour!

Salt Cathedral tour with local lunch: This private tour has an early departure time to beat the crowds, good recent reviews, and local lunch included.  They’ll also do private tours for solo travelers.

Salt Cathedral tour with stop in town: This tour has good recent reviews both on Viator and TripAdvisor. 

Zipaquira tour with Lake Guatavita:  This private tour option includes all entrance fees and lunch.

Salt Cathedral with Guatavita Lake and Andres Carne de Res restaurant: I actually did this tour, and thought it was too much to pack into one day!  We got a late start due to traffic, plus some other mishaps made for a long day.  I’m only recommending this one if you really want to see all three of these stops.

Zipaquira Salt Mine History

The story of Zipaquira begins with the formation of salt deposits there 250 million years ago from an inland sea.  Fast forward to pre-Columbian times and the Muisca people, one of the four advanced civilizations in the Americas (along with the Aztec, Maya and Inca).  As early as the 5th century BCE, the Muisca began mining salt as one of their main economic and trade activities.  

Traditional mining practices continued into the 1800’s, when European mining methods were introduced.  As output increased, the mining job became more dangerous. So local miners began praying before heading deep into the mine each day.  By 1932, generations of miners had carved out a small chapel where they would pray to Our Lady of the Rosary of Guasa, the patron saint of miners, every morning.

Indigenous Muisca Sculpture
Statue in the main nave portraying the Our Lady of the Rosary of Guasa and indigenous Muisca miners

Construction of the Current Catedral de Sal (Salt Cathedral)

In the 1950’s the mine decided to expand the chapel, which opened in 1953 with a large worship space and basilica dome.  But years of sharing the space with an active mine eventually led to structural problems. The original cathedral was closed in 1990 amid safety concerns.

Plans to build a new cathedral began the following year.  A contest for the design was won by architect Roswell Garavito Pearl.  More than 250 thousand tons of rock salt had to be extracted, and the new cathedral was built 200 feet beneath the old one. Miners, sculptors, and craftspeople were brought in to bring the design to life, which reopened in December of 1995.

Visiting the Salt Cathedral of Colombia

It takes about two hours to explore the cathedral itself. Keep in mind that you’ll need to walk back out following the same path you followed on the tour. So be sure to budget at least 20-30 minutes to get back to the entrance.

Also, don’t forget to pick up electronic audio guides at the entrance, unless you join a tour with a (human) guide. I recommend a guide, since the audio tour is limited.

Zipaquira Salt Cathedral entrance tunnel
Entering the cathedral definitely feels like entering a mine!

Main Sights of the Cathedral 

The entrance to the Salt Cathedral feels like a working mine. The air gets stuffier and slightly sulfur-smelling as you descend underground into the tunnels. In the first section of the cathedral, known as the “Way of the Cross,” are 14 small chapels hewn out of salt. These are meant to represent the 14 stations of the cross, or Jesus’s final activities on the day of his crucifixion.  There are small altars where people can kneel to pray in each. (Since I’m not Catholic and we didn’t have a guide, it took me a few stations to figure out what they were.) The lighting in each pulses and changes color.

Stations of the Cross Chapel
One of the 14 Stations of the Cross Chapels

Some of the chapels overlook different parts of the mine, which are still active excavations.  Eventually, the Way of the Cross ends and you find yourself in the three naves, complete with seating in pews.  The main nave, lit in purple and blue, features a staggering 50-foot cross. The sculptures throughout the cathedral are sandstone, since halite is too soft to carve, with the exception of a halite bust of Pope Francis in the main nave.

Zipaquira Salt Cathedral of Colombia Main Nave
The main nave of the Zipaquira Salt Cathedral, with a 50-ft lighted cross and recreation of Michelangelo’s The Creation of Adam (which I almost fell into since I was walking backward while taking photos, and it’s essentially an open hole in the floor!)
Zipaquira Nativity
Statues of a life-sized Zipaquira Nativity in the main nave

Activity Level/Accessibility

I was honestly surprised to see that some of the areas of the Salt Cathedral indicated they were wheelchair-accessible.  

This tour requires a considerable amount of walking.  The floor inside the cathedral is extremely uneven, and includes stairs and ramps.  

After the tour finishes, you must return the same way you went in.  There is no separate exit at the end of the tour. I got over 10,000 steps that day, but my tour also included a hike at Guatavita Lake.

Salty Souvenirs from Zipaquira

I was excited to get to the end of the tour, since I hoped to find a salt nativity for my collection of world nativity sets.  I was not disappointed and could have bought at least a dozen! There is a large souvenir area at the end of the tour, as well as in the outdoor plaza.

small nativity - a cave made from salt from the zipaquira salt cathedral in Colombia
My salt nativity souvenir from the Zipaquira Cathedral

Travel Souvenirs: Nativities From Around the World

I fell in love with the Washington National Cathedral’s exhibit of world nativities – and started collecting them in my travels! See photos of my collection and get links to my shoppable Etsy lists of world nativities.

Read more

Zipaquira Salt Park

To further increase tourism, the cathedral has been expanded into a Salt Park, with a museum of mining and mineralogy.  Sadly, I didn’t have time to visit the climbing wall. Or the “Brine Museum,” to learn about the process of extracting salt from halite. But perhaps you will!

There are cafes and restaurants, and most tickets include a 3D movie at the end of the salt cathedral tour.

view of the city of Zipaquira Colombia

City of Zipaquira

Zipaquira has a central square, with old buildings and a (regular/non-salt) cathedral in the Spanish colonial style.  In the nearby Abra Valley were found some of the most ancient human remains in South America, dating to around 12,500 years old.

Sunday Services at Zipaquira Salt Cathedral 

Zipaquira Cathedral is an active church with services every Sunday.  However, it isn’t a formally recognized cathedral, since it isn’t the seat of a Roman Catholic bishop.  It can get crowded on Sundays and especially during holy days like Semana Santa because of services; check with tour operators or the Salt Cathedral website for more information on hours.

Cultural Significance of Zipaquira Salt Cathedral

Colombians are proud of this site, and have named it the First Wonder of Colombia. But more than that, it’s significant as a historical site of the most advanced original civilizations in the Americas. An estimated 600,000 tourists visit Zipaquira annually.

Zipaquira Salt Cathedral of Colombia

Where to stay in Zipaquira

If you plan to stay in Zipaquira or the surrounding area, two of the top Zipaquira hotels are Hotel Boutique MR and Hotel Camino de la Sal.

Zipa also has Airbnb rentals, and there are many bed and breakfast stays in the surrounding area. Check out these top picks.

Where to Stay in Bogota

Need tips on where to stay in Bogota? If you’re visiting for the first time, I recommend staying in the La Candelaria neighborhood.

La Candelaria is the historical center of town, and you can easily walk to all of Bogota’s main sights and museums.

Check out the charming boutique hotel options of The Candelaria House, Hotel De La Opera or The Orchids.

For budget options, try Hotel Casa de la Vega, Graffiti Hostel or Selina La Candelaria .

Looking for more Bogota tips? Don’t miss my guide to the best things to do in Bogota including sights, tours, and stays!

Best Things to do in Bogota, Colombia: Top Sights, Tours & Eats

Build an itinerary for one day to one week of the best things to to in Bogota, Colombia: explore its history, museums, and vibrant graffiti & food culture, plus tips on the best day trips in the surrounding area!

Read more

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Adrienne, The Haphazard Traveler

I used to be a hot travel mess, but I got better! I kept the name and now blog my best tips for culture and adventure travel from around the globe. Follow along for travel advice, destination info, and photography from faraway lands - and at home in Washington, D.C.

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